In recent years, the drones have gone from being complex and expensive instruments for military use to be used by thousands of fans worldwide. In addition, they begin to receive attention for various commercial applications in agriculture, mapping, mining and in areas of surveillance and security. As usual these applications are well known all over the world, however, commercial drones are also conducting their activities in the maritime field.
Since most of the ships, or can not afford a helicopter manned or do not have enough physical space for it, drones represent an excellent solution for ships may have information about their immediate environment at low cost by mitigating some of the most dangerous factors of the marine environment.
Currently these devices have to cope with the toughest environmental conditions with a sea in constant motion and with the added difficulty that guidance systems and unmanned aerial standard navigation are insufficient, especially when landing on a ship.
These factors encourage its development and implementation is beginning to change maritime operations.
For decades, scientists working on board ships collecting data for environmental and oceanographic research have been using unmanned aerial systems and are the vanguard of creative uses of drones. Historically, these researchers have used fixed-wing aircraft that collect information before it is reused again by capturing through a network installed, or landing on the water and then raising it by personnel on board the ship.
The search and rescue (SAR) and the operations of the Coast Guard have recently begun using drones to mitigate the dangerous factors surrounding the fall of a person or sinking of ships and poor visibility in operations the search and rescue teams. The use of unmanned aircraft in operations tracking and deployment of rescue teams means less risk to SAR personnel and for victims.
Also, advances in small emergency beacon receivers, computer vision, the use of robots and other technologies will reduce risks, getting the world’s oceans and seas and inland waterways safer and navigable.
Maritime security extends beyond search and rescue operations. In many areas of the world piracy is a real and expensive problem.
Currently, most ships avoid attacks simply by surfing faster (minimum speed is 18 knots sailing) through these regions, with a significant increase in the cost of fuel. Drones operating systems from these vessels could provide enough advance information of imminent threats, and allow the ship to increase its speed only if the risk, reducing the cost of fuel. Some private security teams and offshore platforms for oil and gas are already deploying drones for security and surveillance.
The fishing industry also benefits from the use of maritime drones. Drones can be used to locate fishing grounds, allowing more efficient by reducing unnecessary navigations routes with lower fuel costs catches. Drones make the fishing industry more efficient, reducing unwanted catch, allowing the monitoring and control of illegal fishing and therefore its sustainability.
From a technical problem view for all these commercial applications is the limited space available on a ship at sea: it is difficult to land an unmanned on a boat tickets so your prospects are reduced by the impossibility of capital and qualified personnel for such operations.
FuVeX has developed a technology that allows your HarrierDrone, an unmanned vehicle hybrid between cuadricóptero and the plane gets to a cost savings of 50% compared to other solutions on the market Unmanned thanks to:
- Takeoff / Vertical Landing on any flat surface without infrastructure.
- 5 kg takeoff with 1 kg payload.
- Up to 1 hour of autonomy.
- Speed range from 0 to 100 km / h
However, due to its characteristics takeoff / vertical landing, this HarrierDrone, has a great interest to clients in both civil shipbuilding sector (control of fishery resources, offshore facilities, etc.) and military (surveillance, reconnaissance, detection, etc.).
With this technology cost savings and increased efficiency represents a breakthrough in the use and deployment of unmanned aircraft at sea with the consequent impact on the operations of maritime industries.